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For San Jose, Obispo Oscar – Amid Transformation, Pope Makes Evocative Pick for Silicon Valley Church

(Updated with video, further context.)

The simple fact that you're reading this is testament to the reality behind today's lead story: given the shifts of the last two decades, it can be argued that no place has a greater impact on modern American life than Santa Clara County, California, a state of affairs that begins with the three behemoths all based there – Google, Facebook, and Apple.

With the rise of the local tech empires fueling a growth that's extended to their local church, the spurt has underscored a premium on youth and smarts...

...and now – a full two years ahead of schedule – the Vatican has responded in kind.

In a surprisingly early move, at Roman Noon this Wednesday the Pope named Bishop Oscar Cantú of Las Cruces – at 51, already a well-experienced hand on the national, and even global stage – as coadjutor of San Jose: now the US' tenth-largest city, and the seat of a countywide fold now numbering upwards of 700,000 Catholics, a doubling in size within a quarter-century.

Ordained an auxiliary of San Antonio at 41 in 2008, then head of New Mexico's border diocese since 2013, the Houston-born Cantú becomes heir apparent to Bishop Patrick McGrath, who reaches the retirement age of 75 in June 2020. Known as "PJ" among the locals, the Irish-born prelate – the last San Francisco auxiliary of John Raphael Quinn – has overseen the bulk of San Jose's transformation; 20 years ago this summer, as Netscape and Oracle led the first wave of the tech boom and Apple began its resurgence with the return of Steve Jobs, McGrath arrived as coadjutor to Bishop Pierre DuMaine, succeeding to the chair within 18 months.

While some rumblings that McGrath had sought an early succession have made the rounds over recent weeks, a selection was not expected until later in the year.

As for the turf itself, even for Silicon Valley's reputation of a white, wealthy enclave, the church that encompasses it is a markedly different story. Together with the growth of the diocese, Hispanics have claimed a solid majority of its membership – comprising close to 60 percent – while its contingent of Anglos has shrunk by nearly a fifth. Notably, however – especially in the context of California – the diocese's statistical report for the coming V Encuentro (slated for September in the North Texas Metroplex) states that the bulk of its Latino population is US-born as opposed to immigrants. In that light, the choice of a native-born Hispanic with crossover appeal strikingly mirrors the profile of the people he'll inherit; that Cantú was "imported" from outside California – a rarity among the state's bishops – indicates the degree to which the particular background and skill-set was a priority in the search.

Meanwhile, one of the church's key challenges is likewise hidden from the headlines – at least, most of the time. Together with the tech boom's infusion of people and capital, the resulting spike in housing prices that's made Santa Clara County one of the nation's richest (and with it, home to the US' most expensive costs of living) has birthed a homeless population recently estimated as the country's largest; in one prominent example of the scourge, some of the unsheltered were found to be spending their nights aboard a public-transit bus. Especially in the age of Francis – who has famously received each of the Valley's "Big Three" tech chiefs in private audiences – the sense of responsibility to "the least" in the midst of an opulence almost without peer anywhere else stands out as a glaring Job One.

All that said, though much will rightly be made of Cantú's youth and the prospect of another long tenure, the incoming bishop's experience belies his years. Having come to the bench with the backing of past and future USCCB presidents – Houston's founding Archbishop Joseph Fiorenza and his successor, Cardinal Daniel DiNardo – his formation as a bishop in San Antonio took place under the conference's next head, Archbishop José Gomez... and on the wider scene, all of it has ostensibly rubbed off: in 2013, Cantú was elected chair of the bishops' foreign policy arm – one of the US hierarchy's most intensive portfolios – becoming, at 46, the youngest head of a major committee in recent times. Given the global clout of the multinational corporations on his new turf – led by what's now the world's largest company by revenue – Cantú's specialized experience brings an added, almost unique match to this particular assignment.

As a coadjutor assumes the governance of a diocese immediately upon the death or resignation of his predecessor without a ritual act, the substitute for an understudy’s installation – the Mass of Welcome – has been slated for 28 September in the picturesque Cathedral-Basilica of St Joseph (above), which was both restored and realigned to an "in the round" style in 1990.

With today's move creating an opening in Las Cruces, three Stateside Latin dioceses would've been vacant, but at 6.30am local time today, the death at 71 of Bishop Richard Garcia of Monterey after a three-month battle with Alzheimer's disease has made for a fourth.

Led in terms of size by Southern California's 1.1 million-member outpost in Fresno, another four US dioceses are led by (arch)bishops serving past the retirement age. As previously noted, however, even as the docket winds down for the Curia's summer hiatus, its top line remains the flood of auxiliaries gradually recasting the leadership of the nation's largest religious body for a generation and beyond.

SVILUPPO: At his local rollout in San Jose, Cantú noted the challenge and opportunity of ministry to young people in a hyper-secularized culture from the very outset... and with it, reflecting the said omnipresent influence of his new charge, terms like "Googled" and "iPad" were dropped as a matter of habit.

That the event was streamed over YouTube is just as resonant – it, too, is a product of Santa Clara County:

On a final note, the arrival of one of the USCCB's lead policy wonks only serves to bolster what's already the most active – and, arguably, influential – state bench in terms of public policy.

Driven largely by Gomez from the nation's largest diocese, the California Catholic Conference pushes a sprawling agenda in Sacramento, its priorities ranging from the standard pro-life and immigration angles to environmental issues and criminal-justice reform. Meanwhile, highlighting the demographic shift of the largest religious body in the largest state, for the first time, last month a Latino took the helm of the CCC as its executive director.

Until now LA's diocesan chief for government affairs with a prior stint at the USCCB, along the way Andy Rivas was likewise the church's chief lobbyist in Texas, where the faithful's historic ascendancy of recent years has seen an equally monumental uptick of Catholic advocacy in Austin – a trajectory now capped by the election of Lone Star Country's first governor from the pews since the days of Mexican rule.


Five Years Since Lampedusa, "Today's Pharisees Build Walls"

It might be apocryphal, but a story from the first weeks of the rule of Francis nonetheless resonates five years after the fact.

In sum, after Papa Bergoglio read in the papers about the near-daily shipwrecks of migrants crossing the Mediterranean, hundreds drowning by the month, out of nowhere the Curia was said to have been alerted by Alitalia that someone claiming to be the new Pope was trying to book seats on the morning flight to the boats' landing spot at Lampedusa.

To be sure, every new pontificate is a matter of adjustment as it wends through its initial paces. But that tale highlighted the degree to which this one would be more than most – if anything, five years on, in many quarters the acclimation to the "new normal" remains an ongoing process.

As the world marked the fifth anniversary of Francis' election in March, a single word on the milestone from the Pope himself was conspicuous by its absence. Four months later, however, he chose instead to commemorate five years since his first trek outside Rome – his penitential pilgrimage to Europe's "Island of Tears" at Italy's (and the continent's) southern tip, whose bishop he would subsequently make a cardinal as a sign of his enduring closeness and solidarity.

Announced only on Wednesday, at mid-morning today the pontiff led a rare papal Mass at the Altar of the Chair at the back of St Peter's – arranged with the explicit purpose of being a liturgy for migrants, the congregation was comprised of some 200 invited refugees.

Coming amid a year which began with Francis' release of his first full-on magisterial document on immigration – and with today's Gospel a significant one in his own life – while this morning's homily largely restated his well-burnished appeals to remedy the plight of itinerant peoples, as a sign of this latest message's importance to the Pope, the text was widely translated in advance:
“You who trample upon the needy, and bring to ruin the poor of the land… Behold the days are coming… when I will send a famine on the land… a thirst for hearing the words of the Lord” (Amos 8:4.11).

Today this warning of the prophet Amos is remarkably timely. How many of the poor are trampled on in our day! How many of the poor are being brought to ruin! All are the victims of that culture of waste that has been denounced time and time again. Among them, I cannot fail to include the migrants and refugees who continue to knock at the door of nations that enjoy greater prosperity.

Five years ago, during my visit to Lampedusa, recalling the victims lost at sea, I repeated that timeless appeal to human responsibility: “ ‘Where is your brother? His blood cries out to me’, says the Lord. This is not a question directed to others; it is a question directed to me, to you, to each of us (Homily, 8 July 2013). Sadly, the response to this appeal, even if at times generous, has not been enough, and we continue to grieve thousands of deaths.

Today’s Gospel acclamation contains Jesus’ invitation: “Come to me, all who labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest” (Mt 11:28). The Lord promises refreshment and freedom to all the oppressed of our world, but he needs us to fulfil his promise. He needs our eyes to see the needs of our brothers and sisters. He needs our hands to offer them help. He needs our voice to protest the injustices committed thanks to the silence, often complicit, of so many. I should really speak of many silences: the silence of common sense; the silence that thinks, “it’s always been done this way”; the silence of “us” as opposed to “you”. Above all, the Lord needs our hearts to show his merciful love towards the least, the outcast, the abandoned, the marginalized.

In the Gospel we heard, Matthew tells us of the most important day in his life, the day Jesus called him. The Evangelist clearly records the Lord’s rebuke to the Pharisees, so easily given to insidious murmuring: “Go and learn what this means, ‘I desire mercy, and not sacrifice’” (9:13). It is a finger pointed at the sterile hypocrisy of those who do not want to “dirty the hands”, like the priest or the Levite in the parable of the Good Samaritan. This is a temptation powerfully present in our own day. It takes the form of closing our hearts to those who have the right, just as we do, to security and dignified living conditions. It builds walls, real or virtual, rather than bridges.

Before the challenges of contemporary movements of migration, the only reasonable response is one of solidarity and mercy. A response less concerned with calculations, than with the need for an equitable distribution of responsibilities, an honest and sincere assessment of the alternatives and a prudent management. A just policy is one at the service of the person, of every person involved; a policy that provides for solutions that can ensure security, respect for the rights and dignity of all; a policy concerned for the good of one’s own country, while taking into account that of others in an ever more interconnected world. It is to this world that the young look.

The Psalmist has shown us the right attitude to adopt in conscience before God: “I have chosen the way of faithfulness, I set your ordinances before me” (Ps 119,30). A commitment to faithfulness and right judgement that all of us hope to pursue together with government leaders in our world and all people of good will. For this reason, we are following closely the efforts of the international community to respond to the challenges posed by today’s movements of migration by wisely combining solidarity and subsidiarity, and by identifying both resources and responsibilities.

I would like to close with a few words in Spanish, directed particularly to the faithful who have come from Spain.

I wanted to celebrate the fifth anniversary of my visit to Lampedusa with you, who represent rescuers and those rescued on the Mediterranean Sea. I thank the rescuers for embodying in our day the parable of the Good Samaritan, who stopped to save the life of the poor man beaten by bandits. He didn’t ask where he was from, his reasons for travelling or his documents… he simply decided to care for him and save his life. To those rescued I reiterate my solidarity and encouragement, since I am well aware of the tragic circumstances that you are fleeing. I ask you to keep being witnesses of hope in a world increasingly concerned about the present, with little vision for the future and averse to sharing. With respect for the culture and laws of the country that receives you, may you work out together the path of integration.

I ask the Holy Spirit to enlighten our minds and to stir our hearts to overcome all fear and anxiety, and to make us docile instruments of the Father’s merciful love, ready to offer our lives for our brothers and sisters, as the Lord Jesus did for each of us.

A Lay "Cardinal" – In Media Reform's Take Two, Francis Makes History

As an op with the early word put it on Tuesday, "this is going to be big" – and indeed it is: in a move without precedent for the 500 year-old Roman Curia, the Pope has entrusted the leadership of a Vatican department to a member of the laity.

Marking an attempted reboot at his fraught reform of the Holy See's media properties, at Roman Noon this Thursday Francis named Paolo Ruffini – the 61 year-old serving until now as head of the Italian bishops' broadcast outlet TV2000 – as prefect of the recently-renamed Dicastery for Communications, the new umbrella organ encompassing Vatican Radio, TV, the Press Office, the publishing house, a growing editorial operation, and the functions of the now-suppressed Pontifical Council for Social Communications. (As is now customary for occasions of the sort, a photo of the new prefect with Francis – who reportedly chose Ruffini earlier this week – was released to mark the appointment.)

With the move, the married Sicilian shatters a "stained-glass ceiling" – while a handful of laypeople or women religious have occupied the #3 posts of major Curial offices over the last half-century, and John Paul II first put a layman at the helm of the lower-ranking Press Office in 1984, a non-ordained figure has never risen to the level of Prefect: a position that, under the Pastor Bonus norms of 1988, belonged exclusively to the heads of the nine Congregations, the top judge of the Apostolic Signatura (the church's highest court) and the head of the Papal Household, all but the last one ex officio cardinals. Put simply, the title represents the pinnacle of executive power in the church's central government – and the merged media arm's massive spread of some 650 employees only amplifies the significance of the choice.

Said to be very well-regarded among his colleagues – so much so that, according to one report, some of his TV2000 staff wept on learning of today's announcement – Ruffini succeeds Msgr Dario Viganò, whose March ouster after misrepresenting a letter from Pope-emeritus Benedict XVI brought to a head a long-simmering discontent among staffers and vested observers over his execution of the reform.

While ops report that the new prefect doesn't speak English and lacks much exposure to the international media world, by early accounts, Ruffini nonetheless comes to the post with two key attributes that eluded his predecessor: experience in management alongside a history in content production, and a knack for the "personal relationships" that, according to some, Viganò didn't adequately maintain amid the deep sensitivities and high stakes of consolidating the media entities, each with their own long-standing culture and sense of turf.

Along those lines, two of the key bonds the incoming media chief will need to build at the outset are likely to make for a particular high-wire act: with Viganò himself, who Francis placed in the dicastery's third-ranking post following his resignation, and with the office's top deputy, Argentine Msgr Lucio Ruiz, who was reportedly being "test-piloted" for the prefect's role at the start of the vacancy. In addition, while Viganò assembled a high-powered global team of consultants for the office – including both the progressive lead voice of the Jesuits' America magazine, Fr James Martin, and Michael Warsaw, the CEO of EWTN – in a sign of the project's disarray, the dicastery's advisers and prelate-members still have yet to be gathered together nearly 18 months since the bulk of them were named.

Among other challenges ahead, the reform still has yet to absorb L’Osservatore Romano – the Vatican’s daily newspaper and the oldest piece of the Pope’s communication apparatus – whose staff has been said to be overtly reluctant to cede their semi-autonomous standing.

Prominent and historic as today's nod is, though, the Comms portfolio isn't the most critical personnel pick facing Francis over the summer break: that choice remains the Pope's appointment of the next Sostituto of the Secretariat of State – the Curia's "nerve center" role, roughly equivalent to the White House Chief of Staff.

Having opened up due to the newly-elevated Cardinal Angelo Becciu's transfer to the helm of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, according to several ops, the twin frontrunners for the post present a study in contrasts. The current Nuncio to the Philippines, Archbishop Gabriele Giordano Caccia, 60, would be the ultimate "inside man," both as an Italian and having spent seven years as Assessore, the Sostituto's deputy – a period during which his counterpart on the diplomatic side was notably Msgr Pietro Parolin, now a cardinal and Francis' formidable "prime minister." On the flip-side, meanwhile, the Filipino-born Archbishop Bernardito Auza, 59, has served since 2014 in one of Vatican diplomacy's most prestigious postings – the Holy See's permanent observer at the United Nations headquarters in New York – after a six-year stint as Nuncio to Haiti. Known universally as "Barney," the ebullient prelate has carved out a markedly high profile in the UN post – to an unusual degree for a top diplomat – and would represent a milestone as Parolin's top deputy, becoming the Curia's highest-ranking Asian in history.

Either way, amid perceptions that Francis' internal reform has stalled, the next Sostituto could have an even more enduring impact than most occupants of the post – on top of the usual clearinghouse role, it'll fall to the Pope's pick to implement the long-germinating new constitution slated to rearrange the Roman Curia.

The text's first complete draft submitted to Papa Bergoglio last month by his "Gang of Nine" cardinal-advisers, the new regolamento – the first since John Paul issued Pastor Bonus 30 years ago last week – is expected to be published next year.


Blase Scores "Hat Trick" – Pope Taps 3 Auxiliaries for Chicago

In the works for quite some time from his seat on the Congregation for Bishops, Cardinal Blase Cupich's much-anticipated backup has arrived – at Roman Noon, the Pope named three auxiliary bishops for the 2.4 million-member archdiocese of Chicago: Fathers Ron Hicks, 50, the vicar-general; Mark Batosic, 56, until now chaplain of the Cook County Jail; and Robert Casey, 50, until now pastor of the city's St Bede Parish.

Cupich's first batch of deputies since his arrival in late 2014, the bishops-elect were all classmates at Mundelein and ordained priests together by Cardinal Joseph Bernardin in 1994. With the triple nod, the number of Stateside auxiliaries added to the bench within the last two years now stands at 25.

While the lack of a Hispanic appointee is conspicuous given the Windy City's rapid evolution into a majority-Latino outpost over recent years, all three speak Spanish; in particular, prior to his ascent as Cupich's lead clerical aide, Hicks spent five years as a missionary in El Salvador (where, as seen below, the locals gave him a celebratory lift on his birthday), while Casey previously led Casa Jesus, the archdiocese's program for seminarians born in Latin America. All told, in light of the cardinal's laser-like focus on finding a new generation of prelates across the board who bear the smell of Francis, The Blase's home-turf trio were deliberately chosen to each have an outsize impact, and thus will inevitably be viewed as models of Papa Bergoglio's rebooted concept of pastoral leadership far beyond Chicagoland.

The lone US diocese ever to receive four hats at once since the Roman clampdown on auxiliary appointments in the early 1980s, some estimates during the process forecasted an encore for the latest crop by the Lake. Still, even if a repeat of the record didn't come to pass, the group's youth and preparation for prime time makes for enough of a splash – by contrast, the last time a US diocese was given three auxiliaries, in 2015 Cardinal Timothy Dolan of New York opted for three low-profile veterans in their late 60s as opposed to rising stars who would eventually be assured of leading dioceses in their own right.

All three viewed as effective witnesses and leaders not just by Cupich, but among the Chitown presbyterate, while Hicks (below left) will remain at Quigley Chancery, in keeping with local custom Batosic (center) and Casey (right) will take the reins of the two openings among the archdiocese's six geographic vicariates. American Catholicism's most developed structure of the kind, the Chicago vicariates essentially function as mini-dioceses – and, in terms of population, are each larger than roughly 90 percent of the nation's stand-alone local churches.

Together with the announcement, Francis granted the retirements of Bishops Frank Kane and George Rassas, who both turned 75 over the last year. With today's nods, the archdiocese will have seven active auxiliaries once the bishops-elect are ordained on September 17th in Holy Name Cathedral.

As the last six months have seen no less than 10 auxiliaries tapped – in Orange, Brownsville, Atlanta, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Washington, Rockville Centre, and now Chicago – according to higher estimates, the ongoing "Auxnado" that's recasting the voting makeup of the USCCB could see the naming of another 15 to 20 assistant hats over the next year or so. As the Vatican's working year begins to wrap up, openings still waiting to be filled include as many as three auxiliaries for Cardinal Joe Tobin in Newark, likely two each for New York, Boston, the Military Services and Cleveland, and at least one each still pending in Houston, Dallas, San Diego, the Twin Cities... and beyond.

All told, the flood of auxiliaries – representing nearly half the 60-plus appointments carried out to date by Archbishop Christophe Pierre over his two years as Nuncio to Washington – arguably represents Francis' most influential and enduring legacy for the Stateside bench: in some cases, one that will extend to the threshold of 2050.

Back to Chicago, despite the understandable visions of Cupich setting off fireworks outside Quigley at 10am sharp to mark the arrival of his creations, with Hicks away from the city on a 30-day Ignatian retreat, a local op relays that no press conference will be held for today's appointments.

While the business of the Curia has ground to a halt for the Vatican's traditional summer exodus and the Pope's "stay-cation" at the Domus, appointments already decided tend to be announced through mid-July.


At The Border, "There Are No Villains"

For all the statements the leadership of the US' largest religious body might issue, moments like these are the thing that'll actually be remembered.

After a quickly arranged whirlwind tour that ended up unfolding over two days (doubling the original plan), the USCCB executive – Cardinal Daniel DiNardo and Archbishop José Gomez – wrapped up their visit to separated immigrant families at the Southern Border with a press conference earlier tonight at the Rio Grande Valley's Basilica of San Juan de la Valle.


With media access curtailed for most of today's stops at sites supervised by Federal agencies, according to the comments of the five-man delegation, the most intense leg of the trip was ostensibly the prelates' journey to Casa Padre – the former Wal-Mart converted into a particularly notorious shelter for some 1,500 boys separated from their parents – where they celebrated Mass for several hundred of the young detainees.


Bench On A Mission – In Latest Push For Immigrant Families, USCCB Chiefs Run For The Border

Less than three weeks since Cardinal Joe Tobin of Newark called for a delegation of US bishops to head to the Mexican border in a show of solidarity with immigrant families being separated there, the plans have come together with stunning speed: late Friday, the conference announced that an unspecified group would make the visit on Monday, July 2nd, with the ground zero of the 2,000-plus displacements of parents from their children, South Texas' Rio Grande Valley, as the site.

The journey reportedly eyed at first for sometime in the fall by conference staff, but markedly sped up as key players cited the urgency of the moment, given the quick timeframe and the according logistical challenges, no other details have been formally relayed as yet. However, Whispers has learned that the core group for the trip is expected to be small, but top-level, led by the conference president, Houston's Cardinal Daniel DiNardo – who canceled his planned trip to Rome for last Thursday's Consistory to prioritize the border visit – and his deputy, Archbishop José Gomez of Los Angeles, the de facto lead hand on messaging and strategy for the church's sharply ramped-up engagement on immigration matters. (The duo elected in the wake of President Trump's ascent to the White House, as vice-president, the Mexican-born Gomez is virtually certain to succeed DiNardo at the helm when their current three-year terms expire in November 2019, marking the first time the conference's top post will belong both to a Latino and the head of the nation's largest diocese.)

Beyond the USCCB executive, an op close to the planning said Saturday that just a handful of other, far junior prelates would be present aside from the mission's host and "tour-guide," Bishop Daniel Flores of Brownsville. A force in his own right – and one who enjoys a unique amount of high regard across the church's ideological divide – the 56 year-old's combination of intellectual heft and public-square skill has yielded a markedly increased profile for the booming 1.6 million-member fold encompassing the Valley: with the faithful comprising some 90 percent of its total population, long the Stateside church's most densely-Catholic turf, and a majority of it aged younger than 25.

Since Francis' election, Brownsville's newfound prominence has coincided with a "perfect storm" at its southern edge – the confluence of a Pope who's made advocacy for migrants his calling card amid increasing tensions over the issue in American politics and the church alike.

As the Valley church's daily ministry to the immigrant tide has arguably seen it emerge as the US' "poster diocese" for Francis' premium on the suffering "peripheries" of human existence, Flores and his team have been duly bolstered by both the pontiff and the wider Catholic scene: for the first time, earlier this year saw an auxiliary named to Brownsville, the 48 year-old Oratorian Mario Avilés – a Mexican-born local pastor with Roman experience – while the head of the diocese's Catholic Charities, Missionary of Jesus Sister Norma Pimentel, has rapidly become one of the US' most visible women religious, a trajectory capped this spring by her acceptance of Notre Dame's Laetare Medal (above), the first Latina ever to receive American Catholicism's most venerable award. (On the eve of the bishops' visit, the current spike of asylum seekers saw Sr Norma take to the local airwaves asking for help in finding a larger space to adequately serve those coming to Catholic Charities for aid, which she estimated as 100 to 200 families a day over recent weeks.)

Capped by a press conference with the visitors, tomorrow's event will be the US hierarchy's third major manifestation at the border in the last three years, following a 2014 Mass at Arizona's border fence led by Francis' top North American adviser, Cardinal Seán O'Malley OFM Cap. of Boston, and the 2016 gathering of several top US prelates at the Rio Grande's banks in El Paso, watching from the Texas side as the Pope celebrated Mass in Ciudad Juarez and laid a wreath at the border's edge in tribute to those who died making the effort to cross over (below). (Due to logistical hurdles, Francis' stated desire to pass into the US himself at the time could not be accommodated.)

With the specifics of tomorrow's schedule still to be released, the only known event of yet will be an 11am Central Mass today in the arena-esque Basilica of San Juan de la Valle, Brownsville's de facto cathedral employed for major diocesan events.

As ever, more as it transpires.


In Melbourne, It's Peter's Day – Pope Turns Page For Aussie Mega-Fold

A year to the day since Cardinal George Pell became the highest-ranking cleric ever to face indictment on civil sex-abuse charges, with the Vatican's finance chief set for trial over the coming weeks, the Pope has taken advantage of the brief lull to recast the leadership of Australia's largest diocese.

At Roman Noon on this feast of Saints Peter and Paul – which, as a Curial holiday, doesn't normally see appointments – Francis named Bishop Peter Comensoli, 54 (above), as ninth archbishop of Melbourne: already a towering assignment as home to a broadly diverse fold of 1.1 million Catholics, yet even more of a challenge these days not merely given the national church's ongoing sex-abuse tumult, but as the site of Pell's court proceedings.

Head of the Broken Bay diocese encompassing Sydney's northern suburbs since 2013, the archbishop-elect succeeds Archbishop Denis Hart, who reached the retirement age of 75 in May 2016.

A native of Wollongong on Sydney's southern edge, Comensoli was named an auxiliary to Pell in 2011 – a choice that reportedly came as a surprise even to the now-embattled cardinal. On the broader scene, meanwhile, with the Australian church enduring the fallout of crises ranging from last year's legalization of same-sex marriage (following an advisory national referendum) to Pell's travails in the context of a five-year state inquiry on abuse that saw generations of the nation's hierarchy take the brunt of its critique, Francis' pick represents a mandate for a shift of era and fresh set of eyes, but with a premium on experience and consistency.

By contrast, had the pontiff been looking to fully shatter the mold, the Melbourne seat would've gone to Bishop Vincent Long, 56, the outspoken Franciscan friar and refugee from Vietnam currently leading the Parramatta diocese on Sydney's western front. Having become Australia's first Asian prelate on his appointment as an auxiliary to Hart in 2011, Long revealed that he was a survivor of abuse himself while testifying to the royal commission in early 2017. From another angle, another veteran of the Melbourne church – the native son Mark Coleridge, 69, now archbishop of Brisbane (and recently elected as president of the Oz bench) – was widely presumed to be the front-runner for the nod, yet the calculus ostensibly favored a candidate able to chart and carry out a long-term vision; by that standard, Comensoli won't reach the retirement age until 2039.

A veteran social-media hand – one set to take the Aussie bishops' lead role on communications and family life later this year – within minutes of the announcement, the archbishop-elect released this video-message to the Melbourne church....

In a printed statement from Broken Bay, meanwhile, the Pope's pick gave a deeper treatment on the church's ongoing state of crisis:
“I am deeply aware of the painful witness you bear because of the crimes committed in the Church against the most innocent, our children and the vulnerable. I share the bewilderment and anger you feel at the failure of Church leaders to believe victims and to respond to them with justice and compassion. This is not the way of Jesus Christ. It is our solemn shared duty to right the grievous wrongs of the past and ensure that the future is very different. I pledge myself without reserve to that task, and I ask you to join me in building on the work already underway in the Archdiocese to create safe communities of faith, where trust is earned and care is offered.

“Having been appointed by Pope Francis, I recognise the challenge he has placed before me to lead God’s people in Melbourne tenderly, mercifully and joyfully. As a shepherd after the heart of Jesus, the Lord expects me to reach out to all with a Gospel boldness. Therefore, I place my stewardship of the Archdiocese of Melbourne under the intercession of Ss Peter and Paul, on whose feast day this announcement is made.”
Likely in tandem with the thick of Pell's dual trials on historic sex crimes, Comensoli will be installed in relatively rapid order on August 1st – whether intentionally or not, the feast of St Peter in Chains.


On Peter and Paul, "Tradition," "Temptations"... and "Empty Triumphalism"

29 JUNE 2018
The readings we have just heard link us to the apostolic Tradition. That Tradition “is not the transmission of things or words, an assortment of lifeless objects; it is the living stream that links us to the origins, the living stream in which those origins are ever present” (BENEDICT XVI, Catechesis, 26 April 2006) and offer us the keys to the Kingdom of heaven (cf. Mt 16:19). A Tradition ancient yet ever new, that gives us life and renews the joy of the Gospel. It enables us to confess with our lips and our heart: “‘Jesus Christ is Lord’, to the glory of God the Father” (Phil 2:11).

The entire Gospel is an answer to the question present in the hearts of the People of Israel and today too dwells in the hearts of all those who thirst for life: “Are you he who is to come, or shall we look for another?” (Mt 11:3). Jesus takes up that question and asks it of his disciples: “But who do you say that I am?” (Mt 16:15).

Peter speaks up and calls Jesus by the greatest title he could possibly bestow: “You are the Christ” (cf. Mt 16:16), the Anointed, the Holy One of God. It is good to think that the Father inspired this answer because Peter had seen how Jesus “anointed” his people. Jesus, the Anointed One, walked from village to village with the sole aim of saving and helping those considered lost. He “anointed” the dead (cf. Mk 5:41-42; Lk 7:14-15), the sick (cf. Mk 6:13; Jas 5:14), the wounded (cf. Lk 10:34) and the repentant (cf. Mt 6:17). He anointed with hope (cf. Lk 7:38.46; 10:34; Jn 11:2; 12:3). By that anointing, every sinner – the downcast, the infirm, pagans, wherever they found themselves – could feel a beloved part of God’s family. By his actions, Jesus said in a very personal way: “You are mine”. Like Peter, we too can confess with our lips and our heart not only what we have heard, but also concretely experienced in our lives. We too have been brought back to life, healed, renewed and filled with hope by the anointing of the Holy One. Thanks to that anointing, every yoke of slavery has been shattered (cf. Is 10:27). How can we ever lose the joyful memory that we were ransomed and led to proclaim: “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God” (cf. Mt 16:16).

It is interesting to see what follows this passage in the Gospel where Peter confesses his faith: “From that time Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised” (Mt 16:21). God’s Anointed kept bringing the Father’s love and mercy to the very end. This merciful love demands that we too go forth to every corner of life, to reach out to everyone, even though this may cost us our “good name”, our comforts, our status… even martyrdom.

Peter reacts to this completely unexpected announcement by saying: “God forbid it, Lord! This must never happen to you” (Mt 16:22). In this way, he immediately becomes a stumbling stone in the Messiah’s path. Thinking that he is defending God’s rights, Peter, without realizing it, becomes the Lord’s enemy; Jesus calls him “Satan”. To contemplate Peter’s life and his confession of faith also means learning to recognize the temptations that will accompany the life of every disciple. Like Peter, we as a Church will always be tempted to hear those “whisperings” of the evil One, which will become a stumbling stone for the mission. I speak of “whispering” because the devil seduces from hiding, lest his intentions be recognized. “He behaves like a hypocrite, wishing to stay hidden and not be discovered” (SAINT IGNATIUS OF LOYOLA, Spiritual Exercises, n. 326).

To share in Christ’s anointing, on the other hand, means to share in his glory, which is his cross: Father, glorify your Son… “Father, glorify your name” (Jn 12:28). In Jesus, glory and the cross go together; they are inseparable. Once we turn our back on the cross, even though we may attain the heights of glory, we will be fooling ourselves, since it will not be God’s glory, but the snare of the enemy.

Often we feel the temptation to be Christians by keeping a prudent distance from the Lord’s wounds. Jesus touches human misery and he asks us to join him in touching the suffering flesh of others. To proclaim our faith with our lips and our heart demands that we – like Peter – learn to recognize the “whisperings” of the evil one. It demands learning to discern and recognize those personal and communitarian “pretexts” that keep us far from real human dramas, that preserve us from contact with other people’s concrete existence and, in the end, from knowing the revolutionary power of God’s tender love (cf. Evangelii Gaudium, 270).

By not separating his glory from the cross, Jesus wants to liberate his disciples, his Church, from empty forms of triumphalism: forms empty of love, service, compassion, empty of people. He wants to set his Church free from grand illusions that fail to sink their roots in the life of God’s faithful people or, still worse, believe that service to the Lord means turning aside from the dusty roads of history. To contemplate and follow Christ requires that we open our hearts to the Father and to all those with whom he has wished to identify (cf. SAINT JOHN PAUL II, Novo Millennio Ineunte, 49), in the sure knowledge that he will never abandon his people.

Dear brothers and sisters, millions of people continue to ask the question: “Are you he who is to come, or shall we look for another?” (Mt 11:3). Let us confess with our lips and heart that Jesus Christ is Lord (cf Phil 2:11). This is the cantus firmus that we are called daily to intone. With the simplicity, the certainty and the joy of knowing that “the Church shines not with her own light, but with the light of Christ. Her light is drawn from the Sun of Justice, so that she can exclaim: ‘It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me’ (Gal 2:20)” (SAINT AMBROSE, Hexaemeron, IV, 8, 32).
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While this morning's Mass came in the context of yesterday's Consistory – its 14 new cardinals serving as the lead concelebrants – as it's been since 1984, today's focus nonetheless belonged to the newly-named archbishops from across the global church, who used to be invested with their Pallium by the Pope on this day, but now receive it in a small box, its contents conferred by the local Nuncio on their return home.

Numbering 30 in all, in a rarity, this year's metropolitan class includes no US prelates – among the 34 Stateside archdioceses, at present, the only one with an occupant over 75 is Washington (where, as previously reported, the succession to 77 year-old Cardinal Donald Wuerl remains to be broached).

Yet where the timetable or transfers haven't given Francis domestic openings to fill, he's made up for it on his own turf – no less than four of the new archbishops hail from the Pope's native Argentina, completing a wave that's allowed the pontiff to name new occupants to half his homeland's major posts over his first five years in office.

The quartet headlined by Francis' longtime confidant and ghostwriter Victor Manuel Fernández – who Francis rapidly promoted to the archdiocese of La Plata (on the outskirts of Buenos Aires) earlier this month, all of a week after the pontiff's longtime rival among the bench, the "polemical" Archbishop Hector Aguer, reached the retirement age – notably, the moves gave three of the four new metropolitans their first diocesan assignments. What's more, two of them were simple priests until the time of their appointments; among others in the group is the former Dominican Master-General Carlos Aspiroz Costa, who was named archbishop of Bahia Blanca.

In an interview on his transfer after a decade as head of Argentina's Catholic University, Fernández, 55 – known as "Tucho," the now-Pope's theological adviser who aided in crafting both the Aparecida Charter and its universal expansion, Evangelii Gaudium – noted that the aggregate effect of the personnel picks at home was an Argentine bench gradually coming to have "more 'feeling' with Francis." (The archbishop is seen above, arriving at his installation last week.)

Among other prominent figures in today's group were Archbishops Michel Aupetit, 66 – the onetime doctor and med-school professor sent to lead the church in Paris; Tarcisio Isau Kikuchi, the 59 year-old launched from a "peripheral" diocese of 7,000 Catholics to Japan's top post in Tokyo, and the head of the world's largest diocese, Cardinal Carlos Aguiar Retes of Mexico City, 68, who's embarked on an ambitious program of pastoral renewal and administrative overhaul since taking the reins of the 8 million-member juggernaut in February.


"Our Only Credible Authority Is At the Feet of Others" – To Cardinals New and Old, Pope Pits "Church Reform" Against "Palace Intrigues"

At 4pm Rome – 10am Eastern in the States – the Consistory for the creation of 14 new cardinals gets underway in St Peter's.

Here's the live on-demand feed... follow along, meanwhile, the libretto/worship aid (with translations)...

And below, the official English text of Francis' homily – per usual on these occasions, a potent call to service in the face of what he termed "our useless wrangling about who is most important."

* * *
“They were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was walking ahead of them” (Mk 10:32) [1].

The beginning of this typical passage in Mark always helps us realize how the Lord cares for his people with a pedagogy all his own. Journeying to Jerusalem, Jesus is careful to walk ahead of his disciples.

Jerusalem represents the defining and decisive moment of his life. All of us know that at important and crucial times in life, the heart can speak and reveal the intentions and tensions within us. These turning points in life challenge us; they bring out questions and desires not always evident to our human hearts. This is what is presented, with great simplicity and realism, in the Gospel passage we have just heard. At the third and most troubling announcement of the Lord’s passion, the Evangelist does not shrink from disclosing secrets present in the hearts of the disciples: their quest of honours, jealousy, envy, intrigue, accommodation and compromise. This kind of thinking not only wears and eats away at their relationship, but also imprisons them in useless and petty discussions. Yet Jesus is not concerned with this: he walks ahead of them and he keeps going. And he tells them forcefully: “But it shall not be so among you; whoever would be great among you must be your servant” (Mk 10:43). In this way, the Lord tries to refocus the eyes and hearts of his disciples, so that there will be no fruitless and self-referential discussions in the community. What does it profit us to gain the whole world if we are corroded within? What does it profit us to gain the whole world if we are living in a stifling atmosphere of intrigues that dry up our hearts and impede our mission? Here, as someone has observed, we might think of all those palace intrigues that take place, even in curial offices.

“But it shall not be so among you”. The Lord’s response is above all an encouragement and a challenge to his disciples to recoup their better part, lest their hearts be spoiled and imprisoned by a worldly mentality blind to what is really important. “But it shall not be so among you”. The voice of the Lord saves the community from undue introspection and directs its vision, resources, aspirations and heart to the only thing that counts: the mission.

Jesus teaches us that conversion, change of heart and Church reform is and ever shall be in a missionary key, which demands an end to looking out for and protecting our own interests, in order to look out for and protect those of the Father. Conversion from our sins and from selfishness will never be an end in itself, but is always a means of growing in fidelity and willingness to embrace the mission. At the moment of truth, especially when we see the distress of our brothers and sisters, we will be completely prepared to accompany and embrace them, one and all. In this way, we avoid becoming effective “roadblocks”, whether because of our short-sightedness[2] or our useless wrangling about who is most important. When we forget the mission, when we lose sight of the real faces of our brothers and sisters, our life gets locked up in the pursuit of our own interests and securities. Resentment then begins to grow, together with sadness and revulsion. Gradually we have less and less room for others, for the Church community, for the poor, for hearing the Lord’s voice. Joy fades and the heart withers (cf. Evangelii Gaudium, 2).

“But it shall not be so among you”. Jesus goes on to say. “Whoever would be first among you must be slave of all” (Mk 10:43.44). This is the Beatitude and the Magnificat that we are called to sing daily. It is the Lord’s invitation not to forget that the Church’s authority grows with this ability to defend the dignity of others, to anoint them and to heal their wounds and their frequently dashed hopes. It means remembering that we are here because we have been asked “to preach good news to the proclaim release to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord” (Lk 4:18-19).

Dear brother Cardinals and new Cardinals! In our journey towards Jerusalem, the Lord walks ahead of us, to keep reminding us that the only credible form of authority is born of sitting at the feet of others in order to serve Christ. It is the authority that comes from never forgetting that Jesus, before bowing his head on the cross, did not hesitate to bow down and wash the feet of the disciples. This is the highest honour that we can receive, the greatest promotion that can be awarded us: to serve Christ in God’s faithful people. In those who are hungry, neglected, imprisoned, sick, suffering, addicted to drugs, cast aside. In real people, each with his or her own life story and experiences, hopes and disappointments, hurts and wounds. Only in this way, can the authority of the Shepherd have the flavour of Gospel and not appear as “a noisy gong or a clanging symbol” (1 Cor 13:1). None of us must feel “superior” to anyone. None of us should look down at others from above. The only time we can look at a person in this way is when we are helping them to stand up.

I would like now to share with you a part of the spiritual testament of Saint John XXIII. Progressing in his own journey, he could say: “Born poor, but of humble and respectable folk, I am particularly happy to die poor, having distributed, in accordance with the various needs and circumstances of my simple and modest life in the service of the poor and of Holy Church which has nurtured me, whatever came into my hands – and it was very little – during the years of my priesthood and episcopate. Appearances of wealth have frequently disguised thorns of frustrating poverty, which prevented me from giving to others as generously as I would have wished. I thank God for this grace of poverty to which I vowed fidelity in my youth; poverty of spirit, as a priest of the Sacred Heart, and material poverty, which has strengthened me in my resolve never to ask for anything – money, positions or favours – never, either for myself, or for my relations and friends” (29 June 1954). 
[1] Jesus uses the same verb, proago, when he tells his disciples that he will “precede” them into Galilee (cf. Mk 10:32).
[2] Cf. JORGE MARIO BERGOGLIO, Ejercicios Espirituales a los Obispos españoles, 2006.

"The Long Arms of the Pope" – On Scarlet Eve, It's Now Francis' College

Even if every new intake to the Pope's "Senate" is significant, some Consistories nonetheless have more meaning than others – and as Francis' fifth class of new cardinals, 14 in all, receive the red hat Thursday afternoon, the group represents a critical tipping-point.

Once the designates take their gilded red silk seats among their elders in the College, for the first time, Papa Bergoglio's appointees will hold a solid plurality of the electors in a hypothetical Conclave, his 59 creations younger than 80 comprising just shy of half the now-traditional maximum electorate of 120. members. Yet while prior pontiffs have passed that milestone in turn – in the case of John Paul II, so overwhelmingly that he died with all of three voting members chosen by his predecessors – Francis' shattering of norms in the identikit of his picks makes his contributions to the scarlet ranks all the more impactful, above all as it's one of the few aspects of ecclesial life and the charting of the church's future course that no successor can alter... at least, not overnight.

Of course, one facet of the shift has been completing the project undertaken by Paul VI and duly burnished by John Paul – the broad-scale internationalization of the College, with a dozen countries long on the Catholic "peripheries" either receiving their first-ever cardinal or the first in quite some time under Francis; among other examples, in the case of Scandinavia, a situation unknown since before the Reformation.

But given the reality that the cardinals don't merely elect the next Pope – one of them will be the next Pope – what's arguably the bigger element of the change is the lone quality that links this pontificate's kaleidoscope of choices across the board: their collective embodiment (at least, in Francis' judgment) of the "pastoral conversion" he sees as the sine qua non of ministry in the modern church.

What that entails for the future will only fully reveal itself with time. For now, though, the degree to which it's already prepared a "reset button" extending beyond Bergoglio's reign – in some cases, one that'll stretch for decades – is a remarkable feat all its own.

* * *
By centuries-old tradition, the Popes have considered the cardinals "Pars corporis nostri" – "Part of our body" – the concept fleshed out both in the ancient role of the College's members as legates to places the pontiffs couldn't personally go, and the "body" from which a new Bishop of Rome is generated. Yet just as creating new cardinals "expands the body" as well as reshaping it, together with tomorrow's new class, Francis has taken a deeper added step at forming the College in his own image and likeness with an enduring effect.

In a formal rescript issued yesterday, the Pope made the biggest change to the structure of his "Senate" since the post-Conciliar reforms of Paul VI, adding the Curia's top four current cardinals to the Order of Bishops.

Historically the heads of the six suffragan dioceses of Rome, until the 1960s the cardinal-bishops – led by the College's dean – didn't merely hold the titles to the posts but were literally expected to oversee their respective outlying churches; in the decades since, full-time bishops have been named to do the work. At that same time, Eastern patriarchs given the red hat were added to the rank.

By adding four more Latin cardinals to the College's front row – the Secretary of State Pietro Parolin, and the prefects of the Eastern Churches (Leonardo Sandri), Bishops (Marc Ouellet) and Propaganda Fide (Fernando Filoni) – the move's real significance again lies beyond this pontificate. Had a Conclave convened without the additions, as all the current cardinal-bishops are aged out of the election, the senior voter presiding over a papal election would've been the Maronite Patriarch, Lebanese Cardinal Bechara Raï, now 78. With the change, Parolin, 63 – a figure who's increasingly consolidated his clout as Francis' indispensable, near-omnipresent top deputy – now takes precedence and will oversee the voting process.

What's more, however, the change paves the way to another key aspect of succession-planning. As the cardinal-dean regardless of his electoral status leads the general congregations preceding a Conclave and, all told, effectively serves as the "administrator" of the Roman church during a papal vacancy, the new cardinal-bishops join the pool which'll elect a new dean and from which he will be chosen once the office falls vacant.

Though that process is always significant with an eye to an interregnum, it's increasingly so under current circumstances given the controversy surrounding the current dean, 90 year-old Cardinal Angelo Sodano – John Paul's heavily influential Secretary of State – who's endured years of blistering criticism over his treatment of high-profile sex abuse cases, most recently in Chile, where he served as Nuncio before returning to the Curia in 1990 and has maintained an outsize profile given his closeness to the country's embattled hierarchy. Along these lines, then, with the new cardinal-bishops Francis has sped up the clock on what happens in his wake, likely with an eye to having one of his own appointees take complete control of his succession.

Again, it'll be a while yet before that storyline comes to full light, but yesterday's step makes for a major building-block toward it.

In the meantime, the elevation of Cardinal-designate Angelo Becciu alongside his new post as prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints means that one major puzzle-piece for the present remains to be filled: Francis' choice of the Sardinian's successor as Sostituto of the Secretariat of State – essentially the Vatican equivalent of the White House Chief of Staff.

A lifelong diplomat who most notably served as Nuncio to Cuba before taking up the Curia's "nerve-center" post under Benedict XVI, as Becciu ceases as Parolin's deputy upon his receipt of the red hat, the choice of his replacement in the all-important role is expected within very short order.

* * *
Simply because not each of its picks can be covered equally, every Consistory has its "star" – the new cardinal who, whether by historic novelty or personal attributes, becomes the center of gravity around which the story of the moment is viewed by the wider world.

In this case, that's a particular fait accompli – and, unusually, one which belongs to the intake's Curial contingent: given his already high profile as Francis' "man in the street," this time around the spotlight belongs to "Don Corrado," Polish Cardinal-designate Konrad Krajewski, the papal almoner who becomes that office's first modern head to don the red hat.

A Vatican lifer from his early recruitment under John Paul II – notably brought to Rome by the saint's polarizing MC, now-Archbishop Piero Marini – Francis made clear his affection for and confidence in Krajewski (pron. "Cro-YEV-ski") from the very outset, bucking protocol to crash the latter's 2013 ordination as archbishop wearing just his white cassock and a stole, sitting among the concelebrants so he could join in for the laying on of hands (above).

More recently, in his latest interview – last week with Reuters, the first English-language wire service to land a papal sit-down – Papa Bergoglio raised the stakes even further, describing the Almoner's office as being on a par with the CDF (for centuries, the Curia's "supreme" organ), depicting the duo's respective works of teaching and charity as "the two long arms of the pope." (Of course, tomorrow will likewise see the elevation of the new CDF prefect, the Jesuit Luis Ladaria.)

For his part, in a distinct rarity among Francis' choices, Don Corrado received a heads-up that he "should listen to the Regina Caeli" at which his name would be announced among the new cardinals; at the time, the 55 year-old – by far this crop's youngest member – was riding his bike to his ground-floor Vatican office to prepare a food delivery later that Sunday to the poor on the edges of Rome.

Since learning that he'd be joining the College, and thus completing one of the hierarchy's most meteoric ascents in recent times, Krajewski has admitted to interviewers that the Pope's decision has come as a frustration, fearing that the "complications" of being a cardinal could prove an obstacle to his work, much of it spent directly aiding the homeless on the city's streets under cover of night – many, if not most of whom, he knows by name.

Yet at the same time, talking with La Stampa's Andrea Tornielli as the reality began to sink in, the Pope's lead field-marshal against a "throwaway culture" hit on the significance of his place in the mix... one which extends well beyond himself:
"It's almost as if Francis is wanting to say [that] those who take seriously the words of Jesus in the Gospel – feed the hungry, give drink to the thirsty, visit the prisoner, receive the stranger – these are my principal collaborators."
And if that doesn't put Francis' "revolution" of governance in remaking the role of cardinals in its fullest light, then nothing ever will.